This is one of several UNU-IAS projects focusing on sustainable development governance. The 3-year project Sustainability Transformation beyond 2015 aims to contribute to international discussions towards the establishment of the sustainable development goals (SDGs) in the short term, and to propose policies and frameworks for a long-term transformation in human behaviour towards a sustainable society. The research undertaken aims to examine the major challenges in the field of sustainable development and agreement of the post-2015 development agenda, and fundamental questions on how to achieve sustainability in the twenty-first century, following the Rio+20 conference outcomes with regard to a new global set of SDGs, as well as the formal ending of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in 2015. The project looks to examine and analyze goal-setting and implementation processes (governance questions) of and for the SDGs. The project is supported by the Ministry of the Environment, Japan as part of the S-11 project of its Environmental Research and Technology Development Fund.